Cervical and vaginal cancers are cancers of the womb and birth canal. To check for these, your doctor will do a pelvic exam and look inside your cervix. He or she also will also take some cells from your cervix for a Pap test.
Regular pelvic exams and Pap tests help prevent these cancers. Your doctor can find abnormal changes in the cervix and vagina and treat you before cancer develops. Women who do not regularly have Pap tests have an increased risk of cervical cancer.